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January 2013 Archive of Scientific Literature Reviews

The Ability to Identify Category 4 and 5 Atlantic Hurricanes with Mid-20th-Century Tools (1 Jan 2013)
Were the tools of that earlier age good enough to do a good enough job? In a word, no. And that discrepancy may very well temper the historicl hurricane counts... Read More
Lake Restoration in a Warming World (1 Jan 2013)
Do rising temperatures help or hinder human efforts to restore freshwater planktonic ecosystems to more primitive and species-rich conditions? The present analysis suggests "that climate warming and re-oligotrophication may favor an increase in spatial (depth) heterogeneity in the water column of deep lakes, enhancing the potential for phytoplankton species co-existence and an increase in plankton richness"... Read More
Eight Decades of Glacier Movements in Southeast Greenland (1 Jan 2013)
The team of Danish and U.S. scientists report that two recessional events stand out, one that occurred during the 1930s (1933-1943) and another that occurred during the 2000s (2000-2010); and they state that the second of these retreats was "matched in its vigor" during the "period of warming in the 1930s with comparable increases in air temperature"... Read More
Effects of Ocean Acidification on Marine Coccolithophores (1 Jan 2013)
In the words of Smith et al., "our finding that the most heavily calcified morphotype dominates when conditions are most acidic is contrary to earlier predictions and raises further questions about the fate of coccolithophores in a high-CO2 world"... Read More
Drifting Along with the CMIP3 Models (2 Jan 2013)
Climate drift arises for various reasons, such as "deficiencies in either the model representation of the real world or the procedure used to initialize the model." However, "significant efforts by the climate modeling community have gone into reducing climate drift." Nevertheless, climate drift still persists and is causing modelers significant headaches... Read More
Dying from Heat and Cold in Chiang Mai, Thailand (2 Jan 2013)
Once again, extreme heat is shown to be less deadly than extreme cold... Read More
Nine Decades of Daily Precipitation Over Europe's Central Alps (2 Jan 2013)
How do the data appear to have been impacted by the global warming of the past century or so? Based upon the reported observations, they cast a huge amount of doubt upon climate-alarmist predictions of greater precipitation - including more intense precipitation extremes - occurring in tandem with rising temperatures... Read More
Storms of the Past Century over the Southern Great Barrier Reef (8 Jan 2013)
The authors of this study report that "coral reefs in the southern Great Barrier Reef are frequently influenced by periods of high storm activity," and that the reefs in that part of the world "show strong resilience to natural disturbances over the past century," indicative of the fact that the continued existence of that region's corals is not nearly as tenuous as many climate alarmists have made it out to be... Read More
Maintaining Australian Pasture Production in a Warming World (8 Jan 2013)
How much heat could the country's farmers successfully handle? Cullen et al. conclude that for south-eastern Australia, "annual pasture production is resistant to climatic changes of up to 2°C warming," thanks to the collective wisdom of farmers who have learned from experience how to successfully cope with various degrees of temperature and precipitation change, as well as scientists who have studied the subject in considerable detail... Read More
Six Millennia of North Atlantic Temperatures at Reykjanes Ridge (8 Jan 2013)
Climate change is real, just like Al Gore, James Hansen and the world's other climate alarmists vehemently contend. In fact, it's the norm. And in the most recent manifestation of this change, Earth's climate has shifted over the past century or so from the coldest period of the current interglacial to a significantly warmer state, but one that may still not have achieved the level of warmth characteristic of the prior Medieval Warm Period or the earlier Roman Warm Period... Read More
How Corals Succumb to Sedimentation (8 Jan 2013)
Weber et al. conclude that "the organic enrichment of coastal sediments is a key process in the degradation of coral reefs exposed to terrestrial runoff." And we suggest that striving to mitigate this problem, as well as a number of other localized assaults on reef environments will prove far more effective than focusing on the more nebulous and tenuous global concern of anthropogenic CO2 emissions... Read More
Expanding the Biosphere's Limits to Growth (9 Jan 2013)
Is a doubling of food production a mere 38 years from now realistic? Agriculture already consumes 38% of the world's land surface and some are concerned that freshwater use for irrigation has reached a planetary limit... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 on Freshwater Cyanobacteria (9 Jan 2013)
Do freshwater species fare as well as marine species? Based on the results of this study it would appear the answer is yes, as continued increases in the air's CO2 content should significantly enhance the wellbeing of various species of phytoplankton... Read More
A Novel Proxy for Continental Mean Annual Air Temperature (9 Jan 2013)
What has its application to a small Alpine lake in Switzerland revealed? As has been observed now so many times before, that there is nothing unusual, unnatural or unprecedented about Earth's current climate! And, therefore, there is no need to invoke anthropogenic-induced increases in the air's CO2 content as the cause of the planet's current level of non-unique warmth... Read More
Global Tropical Cyclone Activity of the Past Five Thousand Years (15 Jan 2013)
Something has orchestrated the ebbing and flowing of global TC activity over the last 5,000 years, but that something has most certainly not been changes in the atmosphere's CO2 concentration... Read More
Free-Air CO2-Enrichment May Not Be All It's Cracked Up to Be (15 Jan 2013)
A new study suggests that the long-used experimental technique may significantly underestimate the magnitude of the aerial fertilization effect of atmospheric CO2 enrichment on plant growth... Read More
Responses of Juvenile Mussels to Experimentally Acidified Seawater (15 Jan 2013)
Can the fragile little creatures successfully cope with it? It would appear from the results of this study that they may well survive - and possibly even thrive - in a CO2-enriched world of the future... Read More
Climate Change in China Over the Past Century (15 Jan 2013)
What's been happening weatherwise in the world's most populated country to cause the researchers of this study to conclude that confidence in model projections for this region "is low"?... Read More
Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in CO2-Enriched Forests (16 Jan 2013)
The two phenomena are tightly-linked and will likely benefit forest growth in a CO2-enriched world of the future through a process the authors of this study refer to as Rhizo-Accelerated Mineralization and Priming... Read More
Iron Released from the Melting of Antarctic Glaciers (16 Jan 2013)
Observations suggest it doubles the productivity of the water column, revealing that "melting glaciers have the potential to increase phytoplankton productivity and thereby CO2 uptake, resulting in a small negative feedback to anthropogenic CO2 emissions"... Read More
Effects of Elevated CO2 on Herbivore Damage to Birch and Aspen Foliage (16 Jan 2013)
According to the authors of this study, "growth under elevated CO2 reduced the distance that herbivore-induced reductions in photosynthesis propagated away from the point of damage in aspen and birch." As a result, the authors conclude that elevated CO2 "may reduce the impact of herbivory on photosynthesis," which is a very promising finding... Read More
Calcification and Productivity in Symbiont-Bearing Foraminifera (22 Jan 2013)
As seawater CO2 conditions rise, calcification and productivity in the species studied showed no negative impacts. In fact, growth rates actually increased with elevated CO2, with mean calcification rates at the two highest CO2 treatments (1169 and 1662 ppm) being some 63% greater than those at the two lowest treatments (467 and 784 ppm)... Read More
Tropical Cyclones of the Lesser Antilles (22 Jan 2013)
The findings of this paper reveal that both the number and intensity of tropical cyclones in this region show no trends over the past 300+ years, during which time both the temperature and CO2 concentration have risen... Read More
Fine-Scale Temperature Features at High Elevations (22 Jan 2013)
Microclimatology may prove the salvation of many alpine plant and animal species in the face of further planetary warming, as "alpine plants under global change may well find appropriate thermal niches for establishment and survival over very short distances without elevational shifts"... Read More
The Medieval Warm Period on Maui (22 Jan 2013)
Did it really occur? ... way out there in the middle of the North Pacific Ocean?... Read More
Bioremediation of Polluted Waters by Macroalgae (23 Jan 2013)
What do initial investigations of the subject suggest? What climate alarmists call an air pollutant (CO2) may ironically soon play the role of a cleanser of water pollutants!... Read More
On the Climatic Benefits of Antarctic Polynyas (23 Jan 2013)
A recent focus on the seasonal appearance of open waters within the larger confines of the permanent sea ice surrounding Antarctica highlights the phenomenon's global significance... Read More
Land-Sourced Contaminants of Australia's Great Barrier Reef (23 Jan 2013)
They may persist throughout the reef and inflict significant damage much longer than has long been believed and resolving this local problem could bring considerable new vigor to the GBR, perhaps helping it to successfully deal with any further CO2-induced global warming and/or ocean acidification that might possibly occur in the future... Read More
Elevated CO2 Enhances the Berry Quality of Sub-Arctic Shrubs (29 Jan 2013)
Just as it does for numerous other foods that sustain mankind and the planet's many animals, it stimulates the production of antioxidants... Read More
Islands Rimming Pacific Atolls: Their Response to Sea Level Rise (29 Jan 2013)
On 17 October 2009, members of the Maldives' Cabinet donned scuba gear and used hand signals to conduct business at an underwater meeting that was staged to highlight the purported threat of global warming to the very existence of their country's nearly 1200 coral islands, where they signed a document calling on all nations of the Earth to reduce their carbon emissions, based solely on climate-alarmist claims that the growing greenhouse effect of anthropogenic CO2 is raising temperatures, melting both glacial and polar ice, and causing seawater to expand, rise and inundate their country's low-lying islands. But is this contention correct? Are they headed for total submersion?... Read More
Extreme Temperature Events in China's Three Gorges Area (29 Jan 2013)
In response to an increase in mean global air temperature, the world's climate alarmists contend there will be more frequent and stronger extremes of various weather phenomena, including what would seem almost assured: more frequent and extreme high temperatures and heat waves. But is this really so?... Read More
Coral-Algal Competition: The Impact of the Presence of Humans (29 Jan 2013)
The global phenomenon of gradually degrading coral reefs need not be so universally associated with ocean acidification and global warming. Mankind's much more mundane activities may well be the primary cause of the planet-wide degrading of Earth's coral reefs... Read More
Four Decades of Increasing Monetary Losses from Floods in Spain (30 Jan 2013)
Climate-alarmist fears of more frequent and ferocious floods occurring in a warming world are pretty much laid to rest by the results of this new study, as well as the many similar findings of numerous other studies of real-world flood non-responses to the recent historical warming of the planet, which climate alarmists claim has been unprecedented over the past thousand or more years... Read More
Growth, Calcification and Mortality of Juvenile Mussels Exposed to Ocean Acidification (30 Jan 2013)
Ocean acidification is considered by climate alarmists to be detrimental to nearly all sea creatures; and the early life-stages of these organisms are generally thought to be the most sensitive stages to this environmental change. But juvenile mussels raised in seawater infused with extra CO2 that significantly reduced its pH value below that of their natural habitat appear little troubled, if at all... Read More
Phytoextraction of Radionuclides from Contaminated Soil (30 Jan 2013)
A new experiment provides more lines of evidence that the CO2-triggered hyper-accumulation of Cs "may be developed as a potential useful phytoremediation tool to clean-up soils contaminated with radiocesium," noting that the technique has "a definite potential to remove more radionuclides from soil" and could act as a low-cost method of phytoextraction... Read More